Google Doodle honours Nobel Prize victor Har Gobind Khorana

Delia Watkins
January 10, 2018

Today's Doodle on the Google home page has a significant connection to the University of WIsconsin. Google paid tribute to the man with a doodle to celebrate his 96th birthday. His actual date of birth is unknown but is shown in documents as January 9, 1922. Dr. Khorana died on November 9, 2011 at 89 years old.

Khorana went on to develop a way to make a synthetic gene and then place the lab-made gene in a living bacterium. Although Khorana's exact date of birth is not known, the Nobel Prize website lists it as January 9, 1922. The prize was shared with Drs.

At the University of Wisconsin, Khorana worked on his research work with fellow scientists Marshall W Nirenberg and Robert W Holley from 1952 to 1960 was granted American citizenship in 1966. Working together they researched the order of nucleotides in the nucleic acids within DNA and RNA-the four corresponding nucleobases: adenine, cytosine, uracil/thymine, and guanine. The three scientists separately mapped out the information that is stored in DNA and transcribed it into RNA, which helps better understand proteins, reported Vox. He was the youngest of all the five children.

-At the University of British Columbia, Khorana and a group of scientists began to work in the field of biology. The Khoranas set the only literate family in their small village of about 100 people. He finished his Masters in Chemistry from Punjab University, Lahore in the year 1945. In 1945, a fellowship from the government of India gave him the opportunity to study overseas.

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Explains Encyclopedia.com, "In addition to developing methods for investigating the structure of the nucleic acids, Khorana introduced numerous techniques that allowed scientists to decipher the genetic code and show how ribonucleic acid (RNA ) can specify the structure of proteins".

While studying in Switzerland, Dr. Khorana met and married his wife, Esther Elizabeth Sible, with whom he had three children.

In 1960, he moved to the U.S. and started working in the University of Wisconsin and was granted American citizenship in 1966.

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